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PNRP 39(4) – 2020 r.


Material on the brioflora of the Kampinoski National Park


Located in the valley of the Vistula river near Warsaw, the Kampinoski National Park was established in 1959 and covers 38 544 ha. The flora of the park has been the subject of intense scientific research, but there is no current, comprehensive study of the local brioflora. This work contains records of bryophytes from the park area, collected by members of the Bryological Section of Polish Botanical Society (mainly during field workshops in 2017) and is an important contribution to the identification of the liverwort and moss flora of the Kampinoski National Park. A floristic list was presented (in alphabetical order, first liverworts, then mosses), species not reported so far from the park, as well as protected and endangered species were marked. For each taxon, the microhabitats and biotopes, where it was observed, as well as the number of stations and initials of the authors of the quotations were determined.
During this research, 167 species of bryophytes were found – 24 liverworts and 143 mosses. The presence of 125 bryophytes previously noted from this area was confirmed, and 42 species not previously recorded (11 liverworts and 31 mosses) were also found. The list includes three species under strict protection, 44 under partial protection and 12 species endangered in Poland.


Acidophilous beech forests in the Tatra National Park


Acidophilous montane beech forests Luzulo luzuloidis-Fagetum occur in all ranges of the Polish Carpathians. First records regarding the presence of this type of forests in the Tatra National Park (TNP) were presented in the 1970’s. However, the later occurrence of these forests in the Tatra Mts. was contested. In 2019 patches of acidophilous Fagus sylvatica forests in the TNP were mapped and documented by a set of 12 relevés (Table 1). Luzulo luzuloidis-Fagetum covers relatively small areas in the TNP (ca. 10 ha). The stand is dominated by Fagus sylvatica with admixture of Abies alba and Picea abies. The shrub layer is sparsely developed and consists of juvenile Fagus sylvatica, Abies alba, Picea abies, Acer pseudoplatanus and Sorbus aucuparia. The ground flora is relatively poor and consists mostly of characteristic species for suballiance Luzulo-Fagenion, such as Deschampsia flexuosa and Hypnum cupressiforme, as well as those typical for the class Vaccinio-Piceetea, mostly Vaccinium myrtillus and Dicranum scoparium. Furthermore, some patches are dominated by Calamagrostis arundinacea. Acidophilous beech forests occur mostly on ridges in the lower parts of Western Tatras. It is worth adding that in the Slovakian part of the Tatra Mts., acidophilous Fagus sylvatica forests cover larger areas than on the Polish side.



New locality of Scarlet elfcup (O. BECK ex SACC.) BOUD. in Podlasie


The paper presents a new stand of scarlet elfcup (O. Beck ex Sacc.) Boud. in Podlasie (NE Poland). The author found ascocarps S. austriaca on fallen branches of Populus tremula, Acer negundo, Robinia pseudoacacia and Frangula alnus. This is the sixth locality of this species in the Podlaskie Province.


Material for lichen biota
of the Rzepniki Village (North-Eastern Poland)


The research of lichen biota of Rzepniki Village and its surroundings were conducted in March 2020. In the investigated area of an agriculture character 45 taxa were noted. The lichens of these area represent every possible morphological form and ecological group. Despite the lack of valuable specimens from the genera Usnea or Bryoria lichenological values of the Rzepniki Village may be evidenced by the presence of species Red-listed taxa threatened in Poland and taxa protected in Poland.


New date of the occurrence
of the leek grasshopper Mecostethus parapleurus (HAGENBACH, 1822)
(Orthoptera, Acrididae) in the Carpathians


In this paper, new data on the distribution of the Mecostethus parapleurus was presented. Between the years 2019-2020, this rare grasshopper was observed at 15 sites within 11 squares of the UTM grid (10 x 10 km). The habitat, which was most frequently selected by this species, were the damp meadows.The reasons for its expansion are most likely related to climate change.




Biological Laboratory in Bia這wie瘸 –
– on the 90th anniversary of its establishment


The commencement of restitution work on the bison in the Bia這wie瘸 Forest in 1929 was connected with providing them with professional breeding and veterinary care. The position of head of biological work was created at the Directorate of State Forests in Bia這wie瘸, to which Dr Konrad Wróblewski, a bison specialist, was appointed. In October 1930 he had already begun to lay the foundations for the Biological Laboratory in Bia這wie瘸. He collected the necessary instruments and laboratory materials and completed a handy library. The new facility received 5 spacious rooms in the Marshal's House in the Palace Park. The laboratory was initially associated with the National Park, and from 1932 with the State Forests Experimental Station. In 1933, the position of head of the Laboratory was taken by veterinarian Jan Hay. He dealt with expanding the scope of the institution's activities. He organized the Bacteriological and Hunting Recognition Laboratory within the Laboratory, which also included game diseases in the scope of its activity. On 1 March 1935, the Bia這wie瘸 institution was taken over by veterinary doctor Ludmi豉 Baranowska. The workshop received additional equipment. Close contact with the veterinary authorities has been established. Regulations have been developed regarding the registration and obtaining diagnosis of game diseases. From June 1936, there was a break in the activities of the Laboratory. It resumed work in March 1937. The position of manager was taken by the veterinarian and agricultural engineer Tomasz 奸ósarski. He worked in Bia這wie瘸 until the outbreak of the war, providing the institution with the right level and rank. Bison, tarpans, elks, bears and beavers came under her veterinary and breeding care. The facility looked after the bison and tarpan in Bia這wie瘸, the bison in the Smardzewice Forest District, also the bison in the Niepo這mice Forest District and the bison in Pszczyna. The laboratory also covered bear and elk farms and beavers on reserves. Separate books were kept for each bison and tarpan. Samples of animals found dead in the field and those obtained from other animals shot during the national hunting season were sent to the facility in the Bia這wie瘸 Forest. The anatomopathological collections were assembled from them, creating the beginning of the anatomopathological museum. The facility was also interested in animal diseases that were not yet sufficiently studied. The scope of the institution's bacteriological research also included private forest areas. She also undertook experiments with laboratory animals. In 1938, a dissecting room and icehouse were built for the needs of the facility. The outbreak of World War II limited the activities of the Laboratory only to animals found dead in forest. Its status and subordination changed as well. In April 1940, a scientific employee of the BSSR Academy of Sciences, veterinarian Wiaczes豉w Demiaszkiewicz, a specialist in bacteriology and helminthology, began work in the Bacteriology and Hunting Laboratory delegated to Bia這wie瘸. He also worked during the German occupation. After the end of hostilities, the laboratory resumed work. From March 1945, as a Forest Animal Disease Recognition Station, the facility was directly subordinated to the Branch of the Forest Research Institute in Bia這wie瘸. The main task was to constantly care for the health of forest animals, with particular emphasis on animals on reserves. The facility ceased operations at the end of 1951.


Missing audiovisual documents about European bison
and the Bia這wie瘸 Forest


In the context of research on Polish hunting and natural science magazines from the end of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century, audiovisual documents about the Bia這wie瘸 Forest and the history of European bison were discovered. What happened to all these documents remains a mystery. References were found to three movies, all produced before 1918: one made by Boles豉w Matuszewski, an outstanding pioneer of cinematography, on the tsar’s 1897 hunting in the Bia這wie瘸 Forest; one on Walter Winans’ 1913 hunting of the bison in Pilawin; and a movie entitled Der Urwald in Bialowies on the German military administration in Bia這wie瘸 during WWI. The identity of the directors of these last two movies is still unknown. For the period from 1918 to 1939, the existence of Otto Hedeman’s radio recordings for the Vilnius radio about the history of the Bia這wie瘸 Forest is documented. References were also found of programmes devoted to Polish authorities operations to rescue the European bison, e.g. a broadcast from 1925 entitled the European Bison and its Future. During that period, J. J. Karpi雟ki and W這dzimierz Puchalski also made movies about the Bia這wie瘸 fauna: it is also not known what happened to these movies.

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